The smooth bark of the Beech Tree is a favorite spot for lovers to carve their initials.
Beech seeds are a great food source for a large variety of birds and mammals, including mice, squirrels, chipmunks, black bear, deer, foxes, and bluejays.
Beech Trees grow 15-40 metres high and are found in Europe, Asia and North America.
A massive Beech Hedge has reached ten storeys high (100' high (30 metres) and over 1500' long or 550 metres), at 200 years old this Beech Tree can be found in Meikleour, Perth area, UK
The scientific name for Beech is Fagus.
Common Beech is seen as a feminine tree, so elegant species have earned the name "Queen Beech".
Beech Wood is used to flavour and smoke herring. Beech nuts, in the past, were source of food used to fatten pigs. Beech nuts, in France, are sometimes roasted as a coffee substitute. No Caffeine.
An American Beech, called the President's Tree of Tacoma Park, Maryland, unfortunately was blown down in a storm in 1997. This unique Beech tree, was carved in August 1865 had all the names of every US president from Washington to Lincoln.
Beech Tree Species: List of Different Types of Beech
American Beech Tree, shade tolerant deciduous tree with golden bronze fall color
Blue Beech Tree
Chinese Beech Tree, native to China grows approximately 17 feet tall
Crimean Beech Tree
European Beech Tree, also known as common beech. It is the tallest of the beech trees which loses its leaves in Spring
Japanese Beech Tree, native to Japan both leaves and nuts are edible
Japanese Blue Beech Tree, one of the main tree species in deciduous forests
Mexican Beech Tree, commonly found in NE and Central Mexico in high altitude mountain forests
Oriental Beech Tree, grows in mountainous forest regions of Turkey and Iran
Purple Beech Tree
Red Beech Tree
Shining Beech Tree
Silver Beech Tree
South Chinese Beech Tree, found in China and Vietnam
Tricolor Beech Tree
Weeping Beech Tree
Beech Tree: Facts and Information on Beech Trees
Here is some detailed information on beech trees.
Beech Tree (Fagus) is a genus of ten species of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe, Asia and North America.
The leaves of beech trees are entire or sparsely toothed, from 5 to 15 cm long and 4 to 10 cm broad. The flowers are small single-sex (monoecious), the female flowers borne in pairs, the male flowers wind-pollinating catkins, produced in spring shortly after the new leaves appear. The bark is smooth and light gray. The fruit is a small, sharply three–angled nut 10 to 15 mm long, borne singly or in pairs in soft-spined husks 1.5 to 2.5 cm long, known as cupules. The beech nuts are edible, though bitter (though not nearly as bitter as acorns) with a high tannin content, and are called beechmast.
Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acid or basic, provided they are not waterlogged. The tree canopy casts dense shade, and carpets the ground with dense leaf litter, and the ground flora beneath may be sparse.
Beech wood is an excellent firewood, easily split and burning for many hours with bright but calm flames. Chips of beech wood are used in the brewing of Budweiser beer as a fining agent. Beech logs are burned to dry the malts used in some German smoked beers, giving the beers their typical flavor. Beech is also used to smoke some cheeses.
Some drums are made from beech, which has a tone generally considered to be between maple and birch, the two most popular drum woods.
Also, beech pulp is used as the basis for manufacturing a textile fibre known as Modal. The wood is also used to make the pigment known as bistre.
The beech most commonly grown as an ornamental tree is the European Beech (Fagus sylvatica), widely cultivated in North America as well as its native Europe.
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Beech Tree Comments
Purple Beech tree species retains some of its leaves in the Fall. In the Autumn one gets beautiful array of yellow and orange beech leaves.
Beech trees are a real favorite on late fall and winter forest walks. Small forest beech trees are the last trees to lose their leaves
American Beech trees have a unique grey bark that stands out and helps one to identify the American Beech species.
American Beech holds their fall leaves, especially near the ground, well into and through the Winter season. When one walks in the forest with snow on the ground, the American Beech tree is one of the last tree with yellow colored leaves as seen here american beech leaves.
United States land is covered by over 30 per cent with trees and forests
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