Types of Strawberry Trees, Different Strawberry Tree Species
Arizona madrone, Arbutus arizonica
Strawberry Tree, Arbutus unedo
Texas Madrone, Arbutus xalapensis
Pacific Madrone, Arbutus menziesii
Marina Strawberry Tree, Arbutus marina
Here is some detailed information on the strawberry tree also known as cane apple.
It is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree growing up to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) high, with smooth gray bark and a uniform spherical to hemispherical crown. It is dioecious, with separate male and female plants. It tolerates poor acidic soils. The root system is 5 to 60 cm (2.0 to 24 in) deep, with no obvious taproot.
Soil: Grows best in well drained soil. Drought tolerant.
Blooms: The strawberry tree produces masses of white flowers in the later months of the year. The fruit takes 12 months to ripen so you will see mature flowers and fruit on the tree at the same time.
The fruit is spherical, 1.5 to 2.5 cm (0.59 to 0.98 in) in diameter, with a knobby surface. The surface color is typically a deep, brilliant red, but may vary from white to purple. The flesh color is similar to surface color, or somewhat lighter. The flesh is sweet and very tart. At the center is a single seed, with a diameter about half that of the whole fruit.
It is native to eastern Asia, mainly in China, where it has been grown for at least 2000 years. Chinese cultivation is concentrated south of the Yangtze River, where it is of considerable economic importance. Its niche is forests on mountain slopes and valleys at altitudes of 100 to 1500 m.
The tree is used as ornaments for parks and streets. It is also a traditional tree used in composing Classical East Asian Gardens.
Some cultivars with large fruit, up to 4 cm in diameter, have been developed. Besides fresh consumption, the fruits may be dried, canned, soaked in baijiu (Chinese liquor), or fermented into alcoholic beverages.
The fruit of the strawberry tree is more popular with birds than people and is a good food source for birds in winter.
Strawberry Tree Trivia
The strawberry tree wood is used to make utensils, bowls, and pipes.
The fruit from the strawberry tree can be used to make jams, beverages, and liqueurs.
The strawberry tree is valued in traditional medicine for its anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It is also used as an astringent and antiseptic.
In the later months of the year the strawberry tree produces sprays of small, white, bell-shaped flowers.
United States land is covered by over 30 per cent with trees and forests
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